All that things which are under the earth and which man digs up to be used for his own benefits are called minerals. Pakistan is rich in mineral wealth. It is a promising area for exploration of mineral deposit. In a survey it was estimated that in Pakistan more than 6,00,00 square kilometers area has the potential for metallic or non metallic minerals. we are providing here the list of Top 10 Mineral Resources of Pakistan.
Marble is mostly used to decorate buildings. Superior kind of marble is found at Chaghi, Balochistan. Black and White marbles of Balochistan are very well known in the world. There is about 2.5 Billion ton reservoir of Marble is exist in Pakistan and Pakistan is the world’s number 8th country with highest Marble resources. Pakistan got 1.3 Million ton of marble every year in which 10% is exported. Vast reservoir of marble are found in Mardan, Swat, Sawabi and Dera Ghazi Khan.
9. Kerosene Oil
Kerosene oil is widely used in different industries, in the generation of electric energy and in the means of transport as fuel. Pakistan is not self sufficient in Kerosene oil. But it is found in many places of Pakistan. The reservoir of kerosene oil is found in Dhalian, Joyameer, Karsal, Bulksur, Toot and Khore.
Uranium is a very important metal. It is the real wealth of a modern age .It is used for the production of electric power for making atom bomb and also used in the manufacture of many medicines. Nature has given Pakistan a lot of wealth of this metal. More than 1000 favorite sites for Uranium has been discovered. Reservoir of Uranium is found in Miawali, Dera Ghazi Khan and Hazara.
In old times, coals were used as a fuel. The first steam engine was provided energy with the steam using the coal. Pakistan has the world’s 5th largest reservoir of Coal in Sindh. Which is of 184.623 billion tones. The coal found in Pakistan is not of good quality. Major reservoirs of coal are found at khost, Shahrugh, Dandote, Makkarwal, JHAMPUR,pharar and Lakhra.
Gypsum is one of the important minerals of Pakistan. It is mostly used in the industry of fertilizers, cement, chalk and sulphuric acid.Punjab has about 53 million tons of Gypsum reservoir. Its reservoirs are found in Pakistan in Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur, Jhelum, Kohat , Sibbi and Quetta.
Chromite is very useful metal. It is used in the industry of iron and steel. Its vast reservoirs are found at Muslim Bagh. Balochistan. More than 4.5 million metric ton of choromite reserves are present in Pakistan.
wires of electricity are made from copper. its use is increasing day by day, Vast reservoirs of copper are found in the province of Balochistan.For proper use and exploitation of copper a work is under way with full speed at Sandiq Copper project, Balochistan. Pakistan has the seventh largest copper mine. Antofagasta, the company which possesses the Rego Dig field, is targeting an initial production of 170,000 metric tons of copper in a year.
Iron is used for the manufacturing of different machines, instruments, weapons, railway engines, cars, ships etc. Reservoirs of iron in Pakistan are found in mardan, chaghi, dera ghazi khan, nokhandi, chalkhazi, chachli, kala bagh, makkarwal ,langriyal and galakhed. The iron reservoir in Pakistan is exceeding from 100 million tones.
2. Natural Gas
Vast reservoirs of natural gas are found in Pakistan. natural gas is being used to overcome the energy shortage in different fields. The reservoir of natural gas was discovered for the first time in 1952, at Sui Balochistan. This is the largest reservoir of natural gas in Pakistan. In addition of this, the gas reservoirs are also found in Dera Ghazi Khan, Utch, Attock and Jhelum. To develop and discover oil and gas in Pakistan, the government has established Oil and Gas Development Corporation.( O.G.D.C). In 2011 survey it was estimated that Pakistan is the world’s 21st country of natural gas reservoir with the production of 42,900,000,000 cubic meter gas. Pakistan has 35 trillion cubic feet tight gas reserves.
1. Rock Salt
The second biggest mines of rock salt are found in Pakistan.There are vast salt ranges in the Punjab province at Khewera. This is second biggest salt range in Pakistan and in the world. It contain almost 200 million tons of salt reserves. The salt is used nearly in every food.It is also used in the manufacture of different chemicals, for tanneries where hides and skins are tanned and in many other industries.At Mirpur near Karachi, the sea water is evaporated to get edible salt. Pakistan exports a lot of salt to fulfill its foreign exchange requirements.